How being overweight or obese affects your Health
Being overweight puts you at risk for hundreds of medical problems. Read below to learn about how each of these medical problems are related to obesity.
Obesity increases the amount of sodium you retain which increases the pressure in your arteries. This increased pressure damages the arteries in your heart, brain, and kidneys. The higher your BMI, the harder your heart has to work to move blood against resistance.
Losing 5-10% body weight can decrease your systolic blood pressure by 10mmHg, making it even more effective than some medications!
The leading cause of stroke is hypertension and one of the main drivers of hypertension is obesity. Obesity increases the amount of sodium you retain which increases pressure in your arteries and damages the arteries of your brain. Hypertension is called the “silent killer” because even though you may feel fine, your arteries are working harder than is sustainable.
Losing 5-10% body weight can decrease your systolic blood pressure by 10mmHg and help with stroke prevention!
Obesity is the leading risk factor for type 2 diabetes. One of the main reasons is because obesity leads to a state of insulin resistance, which means cells in the body don’t use insulin properly. Women with a BMI of 30 or more have 28 times the risk of developing diabetes than a normal weight person. The risk is 93 times greater if your BMI is 35 or greater. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3066828/)
Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease is excessive fat tissue accumulation in the liver. It is state of liver inflammation and if not reversed, it can progress to scarring and permanent liver damage. People with a BMI ≥ 40 have a 90% chance of having fatty liver disease. Unfortunately today, it is becoming the most common indication for liver failure. There is no cure except weight loss.
Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable cancer. For example, obese and overweight women are 2 to 4x more likely to develop endometrial cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver and kidney cancer. More information on the link between obesity and cancer can be found at www.cancer.gov.
Obstructive sleep apnea
Obesity is a strong risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea. Carrying extra weight can lead to breathing problems during sleep and someone who is not obese can begin to gain weight because of a sleep-breathing disorder that isn’t treated.
Losing 10% body weight can improve your sleep apnea by 50%!